go-archaius

This is a light weight configuration management framework which helps to manage configurations in distributed system

The main objective of go archaius is to pull and sync the configuration from multiple sources

Why use go-archaius

it is hard to manage configurations in a distributed system. archaius is able to put all configuration in distributed system together and manage them. To make it simple to get the exact config you want in distributed system. It also keeps watching configuration changes, and fire change event if value changes. so that you can easily implement a service which has hot-reconfiguration features. when you need to change configurations, your service has zero-down time.

Conceptions

Sources

Go-archaius can manage multiple sources at the same time. Each source can holds same or different key value pairs. go-archaius keeps all the sources marked with their precedence, and merge key value based on precedence. in case if two sources have same key then key with higher precedence will be selected, and you can use archaius API to get its value

Here is the precedence list:

0: remote source - pull remote config server data into local

1: Memory source - after init, you can set key value in runtime.

2: Command Line source - read the command lines arguments, while starting the process.

3: Environment Variable source - read configuration in Environment variable.

4: Files source - read files content and convert it into key values based on the FileHandler you define

Dimension

It only works if you enable remote source, as remote server, it could has a lot of same key but value is different. so we use dimension to identify kv. you can also get kv in other dimension by add new dimension

Event management

You can register event listener by key(exactly match or pattern match) to watch value change.

File Handler

It works in File source, it decide how to convert your file to key value pairs. check FileHandler, currently we have 2 file handler implementation

archaius API

developer usually only use API to interact with archaius, check API.

To init archaius

archaius.Init()

when you init archaius you can decide what kind of source should be enable, required file slice was given, archaius checks file existing and add them into file source, if not exist, init fails, below example also enables env and mem sources.

	err := archaius.Init(
		archaius.WithRequiredFiles([]string{filename1}),
		archaius.WithOptionalFiles([]string{filename2}),
		archaius.WithENVSource(),
		archaius.WithMemorySource())

Put value into archaius

Notice, key value will be only put into memory source, it could be overwritten by remote config as the precedence list

archaius.Set("interval", 30)
archaius.Set("ttl", "30s")
archaius.Set("enable", false)

Read config files

if you have a yaml config

some:
  config: 1
ttl: 30s
service:
  name: ${NAME||go-archaius}
  addr: ${IP||127.0.0.1}:${PORT||80} 

after adding file

archaius.AddFile("/etc/component/xxx.yaml")

you can get value

ttl := archaius.GetString("ttl", "60s")
i := archaius.GetInt("some.config", "")
serviceName := archaius.GetString("service.name", "")
serviceAddr := archaius.GetString("service.addr", "")

note:

  1. For service.name config with value of ${NAME||go-archaius} is support env syntax. If environment variable ${NAME} isn't setting, return default value go-archaius. It's setted, will get real environment variable value. Besides, if ${Name^^} is used instead of ${Name}, the value of environment variable Name will be shown in upper case, and ${Name,,} will bring the value in lower case.
  2. For service.addr config is support "expand syntax". If environment variable ${IP} or ${PORT} is setted, will get env config. eg: export IP=0.0.0.0 PORT=443 , archaius.GetString("service.addr", "") will return 0.0.0.0:443 .

if you want to read some.config from env you can run

export some_config=xxxx

then you can read it by below code

i := archaius.GetInt("some.config", "")

by default archaius only support yaml files, but you can extend file handler to handle file in other format, for example we only consider file name as a key, content is the value.

archaius.AddFile("xxx.txt", archaius.WithFileHandler(util.FileHandler(util.UseFileNameAsKeyContentAsValue))

you can get value

v := archaius.GetString("/etc/component/xxx.txt", "")

Enable remote source

If you want to use one remote source, you must import the corresponding package of the source in your code.

import _ "github.com/go-chassis/go-archaius/source/remote/kie"

set remote info to init remote source

	ri := &archaius.RemoteInfo{
	//input your remote source config
	}
	//manage local and remote key value at same time
	err := archaius.Init(
		archaius.WithRequiredFiles([]string{filename1}),
		archaius.WithOptionalFiles([]string{filename2}),
		archaius.WithRemoteSource(archaius.KieSource, ri),
	)

Supported distributed configuration management service:

name import description
kie github.com/go-chassis/go-archaius/source/remote/kie ServiceComb-Kie is a config server which manage configurations in a distributed system. It is also a micro service in ServiceComb ecosystem and developed by go-chassis we call it ServiceComb Native application. https://kie.readthedocs.io
config-center github.com/go-chassis/go-archaius/source/remote/configcenter huawei cloud CSE config center https://www.huaweicloud.com/product/cse.html
apollo github.com/go-chassis/go-archaius/source/apollo A reliable configuration management system https://github.com/ctripcorp/apollo

Example: Manage local configurations

Complete example

Example: Manage key value change events

Complete example

Example: Manage remote source configurations

Complete example

Example: Manage module change events

Sometimes, we may want to handle multiple key value changes as a module, which means that the different key in the module has some relation with each other. Once such keys have changed, we expect to handle the changes as a whole instead of one by one. Module events help us to handle this case.

Complete example

GitHub

https://github.com/go-chassis/go-archaius