dnsx

dnsx is a fast and multi-purpose DNS toolkit allow to run multiple probers using retryabledns library, that allows you to perform multiple DNS queries of your choice with a list of user supplied resolvers.

dnsx is successor of dnsprobe that includes new features, multiple bugs fixes, and tailored for better user experience, few notable flags are resp and resp-only that allows to control and print the exact information you are looking for.

We also ported DNS wildcard filtering feature to dnsx from shuffledns as a standalone support.

Features

  • Simple and Handy utility to query DNS records.
  • Supports A, AAAA, CNAME, PTR, NS, MX, TXT, SOA
  • Handles wildcard subdomains in automated way.
  • Optimized for ease of use.
  • Stdin and stdout support to work with other tools.

Usage

dnsx -h

This will display help for the tool. Here are all the switches it supports.

Flag Description Example
a Query A record dnsx -a
aaaa Query AAAA record dnsx -aaaa
cname Query CNAME record dnsx -cname
ns Query NS record dnsx -ns
ptr Query PTR record dnsx -ptr
txt Query TXT record dnsx -txt
mx Query MX record dnsx -mx
soa Query SOA record dnsx -soa
raw Operates like dig dnsx -raw
l File input list of subdomains/host dnsx -l list.txt
json JSON output dnsx -json
r File or comma separated resolvers dnsx -r 1.1.1.1
rl Limit of DNS request/second dnsx -rl 100
resp Display response data dnsx -cname -resp
resp-only Display only response data dnsx -cname resp-only
retry Number of DNS retries dnsx -retry 1
silent Show only results in the output dnsx -silent
o File to write output to (optional) dnsx -o output.txt
t Concurrent threads to make dnsx -t 250
verbose Verbose output dnsx -verbose
version Show version of dnsx dnsx -version
wd Wildcard domain name for filtering dnsx -wd example.com
wt Wildcard Filter Threshold dnsx -wt 5

Installation Instructions

From Source

The installation is easy. You can download the pre-built binaries for your platform from the Releases page. Extract them using tar, move it to your $PATHand you're ready to go.

Download latest binary from https://github.com/projectdiscovery/dnsx/releases

▶ tar -xvf dnsx-linux-amd64.tar
▶ mv dnsx-linux-amd64 /usr/local/bin/dnsx
▶ dnsx -h

From Source

dnsx requires go1.14+ to install successfully. Run the following command to get the repo -

▶ GO111MODULE=on go get -u -v github.com/projectdiscovery/dnsx/cmd/dnsx

From Github

▶ git clone https://github.com/projectdiscovery/dnsx.git; cd dnsx/cmd/dnsx; go build; mv dnsx /usr/local/bin/; dnsx -version

Running dnsx

dnsx can be used to filter dead records from the list of passive subdomains obtained from various sources, for example:-

▶ subfinder -silent -d hackerone.com | dnsx

      _             __  __
   __| | _ __   ___ \ \/ /
  / _' || '_ \ / __| \  / 
 | (_| || | | |\__ \ /  \
  \__,_||_| |_||___//_/\_\ v1.0

    projectdiscovery.io

[WRN] Use with caution. You are responsible for your actions
[WRN] Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage.

a.ns.hackerone.com
www.hackerone.com
api.hackerone.com
docs.hackerone.com
mta-sts.managed.hackerone.com
mta-sts.hackerone.com
resources.hackerone.com
b.ns.hackerone.com
mta-sts.forwarding.hackerone.com
events.hackerone.com
support.hackerone.com

dnsx can be used to extract A records for the given list of subdomains, for example:-

▶ subfinder -silent -d hackerone.com | dnsx -silent -A -resp

a.ns.hackerone.com [162.159.0.31]
b.ns.hackerone.com [162.159.1.31]
mta-sts.hackerone.com [185.199.108.153]
events.hackerone.com [208.100.11.134]
mta-sts.managed.hackerone.com [185.199.108.153]
resources.hackerone.com [52.60.160.16]
resources.hackerone.com [52.60.165.183]
www.hackerone.com [104.16.100.52]
support.hackerone.com [104.16.53.111]

dnsx can be used to extract CNAME records for the given list of subdomains, for example:-

▶ subfinder -silent -d hackerone.com | dnsx -silent -cname -resp

support.hackerone.com [hackerone.zendesk.com]
resources.hackerone.com [read.uberflip.com]
mta-sts.hackerone.com [hacker0x01.github.io]
mta-sts.forwarding.hackerone.com [hacker0x01.github.io]
events.hackerone.com [whitelabel.bigmarker.com]

dnsx can be used to extract subdomains from given network range using PTR query, for example:-

mapcidr -cidr 173.0.84.0/24 -silent | dnsx -silent -resp-only -ptr

cors.api.paypal.com
trinityadminauth.paypal.com
cld-edge-origin-api.paypal.com
appmanagement.paypal.com
svcs.paypal.com
trinitypie-serv.paypal.com
ppn.paypal.com
pointofsale-new.paypal.com
pointofsale.paypal.com
slc-a-origin-pointofsale.paypal.com
fpdbs.paypal.com

Wildcard filtering

A special feature of dnsx is its ability to handle multi-level DNS based wildcards and do it so with very less number of DNS requests. Sometimes all the subdomains will resolve which will lead to lots of garbage in the results. The way dnsx handles this is it will keep track of how many subdomains point to an IP and if the count of the Subdomains increase beyond a certain small threshold, it will check for wildcard on all the levels of the hosts for that IP iteratively.

dnsx -l airbnb-subs.txt -wd airbnb.com -o output.txt

GitHub