A framework for building Go Providers for Pulumi

The “Hello, Pulumi” Provider

Here we provide the code to create an entire native provider consumable from any of the Pulumi languages (TypeScript, Python, Go, C#, Java and Pulumi YAML). The binary generated from this file has the capability to serve the provider as well as run schema generation.

package main

import (

	p "github.com/iwahbe/pulumi-go-provider"
	r "github.com/iwahbe/pulumi-go-provider/resource"

func main() {
	// Here we list the facilities that the provider will support.
	p.Run("hello", semver.Version{Minor: 1},
		// This provider only supports a single custom resource, so this section is brief.

// This is how we define a custom resource.
type HelloWorld struct {
	// Fields that have a `pulumi` tag are used by the provider framework. Fields marked
	// `optional` are optional, so they should have a pointer ahead of their type.
	Name *string `pulumi:"name,optional"`
	// Fields with `provider:"output" are outputs in the Pulumi type system, otherwise
	// they are inputs.`
	Phrase string `pulumi:"phrase" provider:"output"`

// The r.Custom interface is what defines the base of a custom resource. It has 2 methods,
// Create and Delete. Create is called to create a new resource.
func (r *HelloWorld) Create(ctx r.Context, name string, preview bool) (r.ID, error) {
	// We indicate we will not know the output of r.Phrase during preview.
	n := name
	// Inputs are already on the struct when Create is called.
	if r.Name != nil {
		n = *r.Name

	// And we add outputs by assigning them to the their fields before we return.
	r.Phrase = fmt.Sprintf("Hello, %s!", n)

	// name is the name component of the resource URN. We pass that as the ID here, but we
	// should append randomness to it later.
	return name, nil

// We don't need to do anything to delete this resource, but this is where we would do it.
func (r *HelloWorld) Delete(ctx r.Context, id r.ID) error {
	return nil

The framework is doing a lot of work for us here. Since we didn’t implement Diff it is assumed to be structural. The diff will require a replace if any field changes, since we didn’t implement update. Check will always pass and Read will always fail as unimplemented. All of these methods are available as interfaces in the resource module, and implementing them will replace the default behavior.

Translating Go into the Pulumi type system

The goal of the library is to allow you to write idiomatic Go as much as possible. To that end, your Go code is translated into the Pulumi type system automatically. Here are some useful rules:

  • Tokens are generated directly from type names. A resource defined with the struct Bar in the foo module will get assigned the token ${pkg}:foo:Bar.
  • Custom resources don’t interact with Pulumi Input/Output types. They should have raw types and must manually manage dealing with nil values.
  • Component resources do deal with Pulumi Input/Output types. They should only have raw fields when the types are plain.

Struct tags

This library determines how to serialize Go types via struct tags. It uses 2 namespaces: pulumi and provider. Under the pulumi namespace, we support the following tags:

  • name – Name is the fist tag in the after pulumi:. It is required for any field used by the provider. For example pulumi:"foo" tags a field with the name foo.
  • optional – Marking a field as optional in the Pulumi type system. To mark foo as an optional field, we would write: pulumi:"foo,optional".

The rest of the supported tags are under the provider namespace:

  • output – Marks a field as an output instead of an input.
  • secret – Marks a field as secret. This will effect schema generation, but not the internal behavior of the resource.
  • replaceOnChanges – Marks the resource as needing a replace whenever the field changes.


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