ktest is a tool that makes kphp programs easier to test.

  • ktest phpunit can run PHPUnit tests using KPHP
  • ktest bench run benchmarks using KPHP
  • ktest bench-php run benchmarks using PHP
  • ktest bench-vs-php run benchmarks using both KPHP and PHP, compare the results
  • ktest benchstat compute and compare statistics about benchmark results (see benchstat)
  • ktest env print ktest-related env variables


Download the ktest binary from the latest release or build it from sources.

You may need to set KPHP_ROOT environment variable to point to your KPHP repository folder.

Example - phpunit

Imagine that we have an ordinary PHPUnit test:


use PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase;
use ExampleLib\Strings;

class StringsTest extends TestCase {
    public function testContains() {
        $this->assertSame(Strings::contains('foo', 'bar'), false);
        $this->assertTrue(Strings::contains('foo', 'foo'));

    public function testHasPrefix() {
        $this->assertSame(Strings::hasPrefix('Hello World', 'Hello'), true);
        $this->assertFalse(Strings::hasPrefix('Hello World', 'ello'));

It comes without a surprise that you can run it with phpunit tool:

$ ./vendor/bin/phpunit tests

......                                                              6 / 6 (100%)

Time: 70 ms, Memory: 4.00 MB

OK (6 tests, 14 assertions)

When you're using phpunit, tests are executed as PHP, not KPHP.

ktest makes it possible to run your phpunit-compatible tests with KPHP:

$ ktest phpunit tests

.... 4 / 6 (66%) OK
.. 6 / 6 (100%) OK

Time: 10.74657386s

OK (6 tests, 14 assertions)

Note that running KPHP tests is slower: a separate binary is compiled per every Test class.

All you need is ktest utility and installed kphpunit package:

$ composer require --dev vkcom/kphpunit

Now let's do something more exciting.

Take a look at this Integers::getFirst method:


namespace Foo\Bar;

class Integers {
    /** @param int[] $xs */
    public static function getFirst(array $xs) {
        return $xs[0];

It's intended to return the first int array item, or null, if index 0 is unset.

We can write a test for this method:


use PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase;
use Foo\Bar\Integers;

class IntegersTest extends TestCase {
    public function testGetFirst() {
        $this->assertSame(Integers::getFirst([]), null);
        $this->assertSame(Integers::getFirst([1]), 1);

All tests are passing:

.                                                                   1 / 1 (100%)

Time: 36 ms, Memory: 4.00 MB

OK (1 test, 2 assertions)

But if you try to run it with ktest, you'll see how that code would behave in KPHP:

F 1 / 1 (100%) FAIL

Time: 4.59874429s

There was 1 failure:

1) IntegersTest::testGetFirst
Failed asserting that null is identical to 0.


Tests: 1, Assertions: 1, Failures: 1.

Accessing unset array index can yield a "zero value" instead of null.

Running with ktest makes it easier to ensure that your code behaves identically in both PHP and KPHP.

Example - bench

There are 2 main ways to do benchmarking with bench subcommand:

  1. Run different benchmarks and see how they relate
  2. Run benchmarks by the same name and compare samples with benchstat

Let's assume that you have a function that concatenates 3 strings. You can write a benchmark for it:


// file "BenchmarkConcat3.php"

class BenchmarkConcat3 {
    private static $strings = [

    public function benchmarkConcat() {
        return self::$strings[0] . self::$strings[1] . self::$strings[2];

This benchmark can be executed with a bench subcommand:

$ ktest bench BenchmarkConcat3.php
class BenchmarkConcat3
BenchmarkConcat3::benchmarkConcat	106500	372.0 ns/op
ok BenchmarkConcat3 147.153797ms

Suppose that somebody proposed to re-write this function with ob_start() claiming that it would make things faster.

First, we need to collect samples of the current implementation. We need at least 5 rounds, but usually the more - the better (don't get too crazy though, 10 is good enough in most cases).

$ ktest bench -count 5 Concat3Benchmark.php | tee old.txt

Now we have old implementation results, it's time to roll the a implementation:


class Concat3Benchmark {
    private static $strings = [

    public function benchmarkConcat() {
        echo self::$strings[0];
        echo self::$strings[1];
        echo self::$strings[2];
        return ob_get_clean();

Now we need to collect the new implementation results:

$ ktest bench -count 5 Concat3Benchmark.php | tee new.txt

When you have 2 sets of samples, it's possible to compare them with benchstat:

$ ktest benchstat old.txt new.txt
name    old time/op  new time/op  delta
Concat   372ns ± 2%   546ns ± 6%  +46.91%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)

As we can see, the new implementation is, in fact, almost 2 times slower!


  • Mocks


  • Assert functions can't be used for objects (class instances)
  • No custom comparators for assert functions