Volcano is a batch system built on Kubernetes. It provides a suite of mechanisms currently missing from Kubernetes that are commonly required by many classes of batch & elastic workload including:

  1. machine learning/deep learning,
  2. bioinformatics/genomics
  3. other "big data" applications.

These types of applications typically run on generalized domain
frameworks like Tensorflow, Spark, PyTorch, MPI, etc, which Volcano integrates with.

Some examples of the mechanisms and features that Volcano adds to Kubernetes are:

  1. Job management extensions and improvements, e.g:
    1. Multi-pod jobs
    2. Lifecycle management extensions including suspend/resume and
    3. Improved error handling
    4. Indexed jobs
    5. Task dependencies
  2. Scheduling extensions, e.g:
    1. Co-scheduling
    2. Fair-share scheduling
    3. Queue scheduling
    4. Preemption and reclaims
    5. Reservations and backfills
    6. Topology-based scheduling
  3. Runtime extensions, e.g:
    1. Support for specialized continer runtimes like Singularity,
      with GPU accelerator extensions and enhanced security features.
  4. Other
    1. Data locality awareness and intelligent scheduling
    2. Optimizations for data throughput, round-trip latency, etc.

Volcano builds upon a decade and a half of experience running a wide
variety of high performance workloads at scale using several systems
and platforms, combined with best-of-breed ideas and practices from
the open source community.

NOTE: the scheduler is built based on kube-batch;
refer to #241 and #288 for more detail.

Overall Architecture



You can watch industry experts talking about Volcano in different International Conferences over here.

Quick Start Guide

The easiest way to deploy Volcano is to use the Helm chart. Volcano can be deployed by cloning code and also by adding helm repo.

Using Volcano Helm Repo

Add helm repo using following command,

helm repo add volcano https://volcano-sh.github.io/charts

Install Volcano using following command,

helm install volcano/volcano --namespace <namespace> --name <specified-name>

e.g :
helm install volcano/volcano --namespace volcano-trial --name volcano-trial

Cloning Code


First of all, clone the repo to your local path:

# mkdir -p $GOPATH/src/volcano.sh/
# cd $GOPATH/src/volcano.sh/
# git clone --recursive https://github.com/volcano-sh/volcano.git

1. Volcano Image

Official images are available on DockerHub, however you can
build them locally with the command:

cd $GOPATH/src/volcano.sh/volcano
make images

## Verify your images
# docker images
REPOSITORY                      TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
volcanosh/vk-admission     latest              a83338506638        8 seconds ago       41.4MB
volcanosh/vk-kube-batch    latest              faa3c2a25ac3        9 seconds ago       49.6MB
volcanosh/vk-controllers   latest              7b11606ebfb8        10 seconds ago      44.2MB


  1. You need ensure the images are correctly loaded in your kubernetes cluster, for
    example, if you are using kind cluster,
    try command kind load docker-image <image-name>:<tag> for each of the images.
  2. When reinstall the volcano charts, since tiller server will not manage CRD resource,
    you need to delete them manually eg: kubectl delete crds xxxx before reinstalling or try command with --no-crd-hook option.

2. Helm charts

Secondly, install helm chart.

helm install installer/helm/chart/volcano --namespace <namespace> --name <specified-name>

e.g :
helm install installer/helm/chart/volcano --namespace volcano-trial --name volcano-trial

To verify your installation run the following commands:

#1. Verify the Running Pods
# kubectl get pods --namespace <namespace> 
NAME                                                READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
<specified-name>-admission-84fd9b9dd8-9trxn          1/1     Running   0          43s
<specified-name>-controllers-75dcc8ff89-42v6r        1/1     Running   0          43s
<specified-name>-scheduler-b94cdb867-89pm2           1/1     Running   0          43s
<specified-name>--admission-init-qbtmb               0/1     Completed 0          43s

#2. Verify the Services
# kubectl get services --namespace <namespace> 
NAME                                     TYPE        CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)   AGE
<specified-name>-admission-service       ClusterIP   <none>        443/TCP   91s