otelgen

A tool to generate synthetic OpenTelemetry logs, metrics and traces.

Why

Often synthetics are used to validate certain configurations, to ensure that that systems operate as expected. Operating OpenTelemetry Collectors is often a complex task, which entails tuning many facets such as Receivers, Proccessors and Exporters.

otelgen allows you to quickly validate these configurations using the OpenTelemetry Protocol Specification, which supports both OTLP/gRPC and OTLP/HTTP using the OTLP Receiver.

Supported Specifications

The following specifications are supported.

  • Logs: Not started yet
  • Metrics: Yes
    • Counter
    • Histogram
    • Gauge
    • UpDownCounter
  • Traces: Yes

Getting Started

Installing otelgen is possible via several methods. It can be insatlled via brew, an binary downloaded from GitHub Releases, or running it as a distroless multi-arch docker image.

brew

Install brew and then run:

brew install krzko/tap/otelgen

Download Binary

Download the latest version from the Releases page.

Docker

To see all the tags view the Packages page.

Rn the container via the following command:

docker run --rm ghcr.io/krzko/otelgen:latest -h

Run

Running otelgen will generate this help:

NAME:
   otelgen - A tool to generate synthetic OpenTelemetry logs, metrics and traces

USAGE:
   otelgen [global options] command [command options] [arguments...]

VERSION:
   v0.0.1

COMMANDS:
   metrics, m  Generate metrics
   traces, t   Generate traces
   help, h     Shows a list of commands or help for one command

GLOBAL OPTIONS:
   --duration value, -d value           duration in seconds (default: 0)
   --help, -h                           show help (default: false)
   --insecure, -i                       whether to enable client transport security (default: false)
   --log-level value                    log level used by the logger, one of: debug, info, warn, error (default: "info")
   --otel-exporter-otlp-endpoint value  target URL to exporter endpoint
   --protocol value, -p value           the transport protocol, one of: grpc, http (default: "grpc")
   --rate value, -r value               rate in seconds (default: 5)
   --service-name value, -s value       service name to use (default: "otelgen")
   --version, -v                        print the version (default: false)

Metrics

The otelgen metrics command supports many different metric types. Here is an example of how to generate metrics:

$ otelgen --otel-exporter-otlp-endpoint otelcol.foo.bar:443 metrics counter

{"level":"info","ts":1658746679.286242,"caller":"cli/metrics_counter.go:70","msg":"starting gRPC exporter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746679.46613,"caller":"cli/metrics_counter.go:87","msg":"Starting metrics generation"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746679.466242,"caller":"metrics/config.go:59","msg":"generation of metrics is limited","per-second":5}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746679.467317,"caller":"metrics/metrics.go:47","msg":"generating","name":"otelgen.metrics.counter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746684.4677298,"caller":"metrics/metrics.go:47","msg":"generating","name":"otelgen.metrics.counter"}
...

Here is an example, of how to limit the duration in seconds of a generation process:

$ otelgen --otel-exporter-otlp-endpoint otelcol.foo.bar:443 --duration 30 metrics counter

{"level":"info","ts":1658746721.598725,"caller":"cli/metrics_counter.go:70","msg":"starting gRPC exporter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746721.789262,"caller":"cli/metrics_counter.go:87","msg":"Starting metrics generation"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746721.789321,"caller":"metrics/config.go:59","msg":"generation of metrics is limited","per-second":5}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746721.7894,"caller":"metrics/metrics.go:30","msg":"generation duration","seconds":30}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746721.789411,"caller":"metrics/metrics.go:40","msg":"generating","name":"otelgen.metrics.counter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746726.7905679,"caller":"metrics/metrics.go:40","msg":"generating","name":"otelgen.metrics.counter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746731.790965,"caller":"metrics/metrics.go:40","msg":"generating","name":"otelgen.metrics.counter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746736.791102,"caller":"metrics/metrics.go:40","msg":"generating","name":"otelgen.metrics.counter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746741.791389,"caller":"metrics/metrics.go:40","msg":"generating","name":"otelgen.metrics.counter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746746.791574,"caller":"metrics/metrics.go:40","msg":"generating","name":"otelgen.metrics.counter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658746751.791806,"caller":"cli/metrics_counter.go:79","msg":"stopping the exporter"}

Traces

The otelgen traces command supports two types of traces, single and multi, the difference being, sometimes you just want to send a single trace to validate a configuration. Multi will allow you configure the duration and rate.

Here is an example, of how to generate a trace using single, with using secure transport:

$ otelgen --otel-exporter-otlp-endpoint otelcol.foo.bar:443 traces single

{"level":"info","ts":1658747062.525185,"caller":"cli/traces.go:90","msg":"starting gRPC exporter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747062.710507,"caller":"traces/config.go:58","msg":"generation of traces isn't being throttled"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747062.7106712,"caller":"traces/traces.go:43","msg":"starting traces","worker":0}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747062.710735,"caller":"traces/traces.go:79","msg":"Trace","worker":0,"traceId":"9481f4c1a9099079c49ed14af2739b6d"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747062.710753,"caller":"traces/traces.go:80","msg":"Parent Span","worker":0,"spanId":"fd76b9e4265aecfc"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747062.7107708,"caller":"traces/traces.go:81","msg":"Child Span","worker":0,"spanId":"02267d8d1342d63a"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747062.710814,"caller":"traces/traces.go:92","msg":"traces generated","worker":0,"traces":2}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747062.710835,"caller":"cli/traces.go:108","msg":"stop the batch span processor"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747062.742642,"caller":"cli/traces.go:99","msg":"stopping the exporter"}

If you’re running a collector on localhost, use --insecure to enable h2c for OTLP/gRPC (4317/tcp) and http for OTLP/HTTP (4318/tcp), of how to generate a trace using single, with using insecure transport:

$ otelgen --otel-exporter-otlp-endpoint localhost:4317 --insecure traces single

Here is an example, of how to generate a trace using multi, also, run -h to view the default values for each flag:

$ otelgen --otel-exporter-otlp-endpoint otelcol.foo.bar:443 --duration 10 --rate 1 traces multi

{"level":"info","ts":1658747148.7179039,"caller":"cli/traces.go:203","msg":"starting gRPC exporter"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747148.908546,"caller":"traces/config.go:60","msg":"generation of traces is limited","per-second":1}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747148.908957,"caller":"traces/config.go:81","msg":"generation duration","seconds":10}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747148.910296,"caller":"traces/traces.go:43","msg":"starting traces","worker":0}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747148.91046,"caller":"traces/traces.go:79","msg":"Trace","worker":0,"traceId":"e299fc2461e04ee3c97d4f59e9b5f67a"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747148.910481,"caller":"traces/traces.go:80","msg":"Parent Span","worker":0,"spanId":"0cefe413f4f5559a"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747148.910497,"caller":"traces/traces.go:81","msg":"Child Span","worker":0,"spanId":"0ff83ff196aa83de"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747148.91053,"caller":"traces/traces.go:43","msg":"starting traces","worker":0}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747149.9106922,"caller":"traces/traces.go:79","msg":"Trace","worker":0,"traceId":"9161121ffb377ef3e7b1d1efdb88c5d3"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747149.910769,"caller":"traces/traces.go:80","msg":"Parent Span","worker":0,"spanId":"0aab1b9d6535bb84"}
{"level":"info","ts":1658747149.910798,"caller":"traces/traces.go:81","msg":"Child Span","worker":0,"spanId":"665b66edc4c7e26e"}
...

Acknowledgements

This tool was developed in a short amount of time due to the awesome idea of the following sources:

  • tracegen: This utility simulates a client generating traces, useful for testing and demonstration purposes. In essence, otelgen uses tracegen as the tracing infrastructure.
  • Uptrace Metrics API: Amazing metrics examples.

GitHub

View Github