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An Elegant Go Interpreter powers executable Go scripts and plugins

An Elegant Go Interpreter powers executable Go scripts and plugins

yaegi

Yaegi is Another Elegant Go Interpreter. It powers executable Go scripts and plugins, in embedded interpreters or interactive shells, on top of the Go runtime.

Features

  • Complete support of Go specification
  • Written in pure Go, using only the standard library
  • Simple interpreter API: New(), Eval(), Use()
  • Works everywhere Go works
  • All Go & runtime resources accessible from script (with control)
  • Security: unsafe and syscall packages not used or exported by default
  • Support Go 1.11 and Go 1.12 (the latest 2 major releases)

Install

As library

import "github.com/containous/yaegi/interp"

REPL

go get -u github.com/containous/yaegi/cmd/yaegi

Note that you can use rlwrap (install with your favorite package manager),
and alias the yaegi command in alias yaegi='rlwrap yaegi' in your ~/.bashrc, to have history and command line edition.

Usage

As an embedded interpreter

Create an interpreter with New(), run Go code with Eval():

package main

import (
	"github.com/containous/yaegi/interp"
	"github.com/containous/yaegi/stdlib"
)

func main() {
	i := interp.New(interp.Options{})

	i.Use(stdlib.Symbols)

	_, err := i.Eval(`import "fmt"`)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}

	_, err = i.Eval(`fmt.Println("Hello Yaegi")`)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
}

Go Playground

As a dynamic extension framework

The following program is compiled ahead of time, except bar() which is interpreted, with the following steps:

  1. use of i.Eval(src) to evaluate the script in the context of interpreter
  2. use of v, err := i.Eval("foo.Bar") to get the symbol from the interpreter context, as a reflect.Value
  3. application of Interface() method and type assertion to convert v into bar, as if it was compiled
package main

import "github.com/containous/yaegi/interp"

const src = `package foo
func Bar(s string) string { return s + "-Foo" }`

func main() {
	i := interp.New(interp.Options{})

	_, err := i.Eval(src)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}

	v, err := i.Eval("foo.Bar")
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}

	bar := v.Interface().(func(string) string)

	r := bar("Kung")
	println(r)
}

Go Playground

As a command line interpreter

The Yaegi command can run an interactive Read-Eval-Print-Loop:

$ yaegi
> 1 + 2
3
> import "fmt"
> fmt.Println("Hello World")
Hello World
>

Or interpret Go files:

$ yaegi cmd/yaegi/yaegi.go
>

GitHub