Boolean polygon clipping/overlay operations (union, intersection, difference, xor) on Polygons and MultiPolygons. A pure Go port of the mfogel/polygon-clipping JS library.


A := [][][][]float64{{{{0.0, 0.0}, {0.0, 6.0}, {6.0, 6.0}, {6.0, 0.0}, {0.0, 0.0}}}}
B := [][][][]float64{{{{5.0, 1.0}, {5.0, 5.0}, {7.0, 5.0}, {7.0, 1.0}, {5.0, 1.0}}}}
C := [][][][]float64{{{{3.0, -2.0}, {3.0, 2.0}, {9.0, 2.0}, {9.0, -2.0}, {3.0, -2.0}}}}

union, _ := polygol.Union(A, B, C)
intersection, _ := polygol.Intersection(A, B, C)
difference, _ := polygol.Difference(A, B, C)
xor, _ := polygol.XOR(A, B, C)


polygol only has a single type Geom that represents a MultiPolygon:

type Geom [][][][]float64

Each of the Boolean operations (union, intersection, difference and XOR) take in one subject Geom with any number of clipping Geom‘s and then returns a single result Geom:

func polygol.Union(geom polygol.Geom, moreGeoms ...polygol.Geom) (polygol.Geom, error)


The examples page includes some information on how polygol can interface with Go geometry libraries like paulmach/go.geojson, paulmach/orb and twpayne/go-geom.

Test Coverage

At the moment, polygol aims to have 100% test coverage relative to polygon-clipping; all unit and end-to-end tests have been ported over to Go.


polygol only has a single dependency: engelsjk/splay-tree. This is a Go port of the JS library w8r/splay-tree which is used in polygon-clipping. BST splay trees are used for the coordinate rounder, the sweep event priority queue and the sweep line itself.

Why polygon-clipping?

The polygon-clipping library is a well-tested implementation of the Martínez-Rueda-Feito algorithm and is also currently used behind-the-scenes in both TurfJS and the OpenStreetMap iD editor. Naively porting this library to Go is intended to provide a simple but robust polygon clipping capability in Go without the need for GEOS bindings. Future improvements to polygol may include algorithm restructuring, better memory management and built-in interfaces to common Go geometry libraries.


The Martínez-Rueda-Feito polygon clipping algorithm computes the Boolean operations in O((n+k)*log(n)) time, where n is the total number of edges of all polygons and k is the number of intersections between edges.


The algorithm implemented here and in polygon-clipping is based on the following paper:

A new algorithm for computing Boolean operations on polygons by Francisco Martínez, Antonio Jesus Rueda, Francisco Ramon Feito (2009)

Additional information can also be found in the follow-up paper:

A simple algorithm for Boolean operations on polygons by Francisco Martínez, Carlos Ogayar, Juan R. Jiménez and Antonio J. Rueda (2013)


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