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Storage systems are complex! There are more and more kubernetes native storage systems nowadays and stateful applications are shifting into cloud native world, for example, modern databases and middlewares. However, both modern databases and its storage providers try to solve some common problems in their own way. For example, they both deal with data replications and consistency. This introduces a giant waste of both capacity and performance and needs more mantainness effort. And besides that, stateful applications strive to be more peformant, eliminating every possible latency, which is unavoidable for modern distributed storage systems. Enters carina.
Carina is a standard kubernetes CSI plugin. Users can use standard kubernetes storage resources like storageclass/PVC/PV to request storage media. Its key features includes:
- Completely kubernetes native and easy to install
- Using local disks and partition them into different groups based on disk type, user can provison different type of disks using different storage class.
- Scaning physical disks and building a RAID as required. If disk fails, just plugin a new one and it’s done.
- Node capacity and performance aware, so scheduling pods more smartly.
- Extremly low overhead. Carina sit besides the core data path and provide raw disk performance to applications.
- Auto tiering. Admins can configure carina to combine the large-capacity-but-low-performant disk and small-capacity-but-high-performant disks as one storageclass, so user can benifit both from capacity and performance.
- If nodes fails, carina will automatically detach the local volume from pods thus pods can be rescheduled.
- Kubernetes：>=1.18 (*least verified version)
- Node OS：Linux
Carina is built for cloudnative stateful applications with raw disk performance and ops-free maintainess. Carina can scan local disks and classify them by disk types， for example, one node can have 10 HDDs and 2 SSDs. Carina then will group them into different disk pools and user can request different disk type by using different storage class. For data HA, carina now leverages STORCLI to build RAID groups.
It has three componets: carina-scheduler, carina-controller and carina-node.
- carina-scheduler is an kubernetes scheduler plugin, sorting nodes based on the requested PV size、node’s free disk space and node IO perf stats. By default, carina-scheduler supports binpack and spreadout policies.
- carina-controller is the controll plane of carina, which watches PVC resources and maintain the internal logivalVolume object.
- carina-node is an agent which runs on each node. It manage local disks using LVM.
- disk management
- device registration
- volume mode: filesystem
- volume mode: block
- PVC resizing
- scheduing based on capacity
- volume tooplogy
- PVC autotiering
- RAID management
- io throttling
$ cd deploy/kubernetes # install $ ./deploy.sh # uninstall $ ./deploy.sh uninstall
Typical storage providers
|typical usage||general storage||high performance block device||extremly scalability||high performance block device for cloudnative applications|
|filesystem type||NFS||driver specific||ext4/xfs||ext4/xfs|
|snapshot||no||driver specific||yes||not yet, comming soon|
|clone||no||driver specific||yes||not yet, comming soon|
|data HA||RAID or NAS appliacne||yes||yes||RAID|
|ease of maintainess||driver specific||multiple drivers for multiple SAN||high maintainess effort||ops-free|
|budget||high for NAS||high||high||low, using the extra disks in existing kubernetes cluster|
|others||data migrates with pods||data migrates with pods||data migrates with pods||data doesn’t migrate with pods
inplace rebulid if pod fails
Carina is under the Apache 2.0 license. See the LICENSE file for details.