getpass – a Go module to get a password

Go Reference

The getpass module provides a simple way to retrieve a password from the user by specifying a number of different password sources:

func Getpass(passfrom string) (pass string, err error)

Getpass retrieves a password from the user using a method defined by the passfrom string. The following methods are supported:

cmd:command — Obtain the password by running the given command. The command will be passed to the shell for execution via /bin/sh -c 'command'.

env:var — Obtain the password from the environment variable var. Since the environment of other processes may be visible via e.g. ps(1), this option should be used with caution.

file:pathname — The first line of pathname is the password. pathname need not refer to a regular file: it could for example refer to a device or named pipe. pathname undergoes standard “~” and environment variable expansion. Note that standard Unix file access controls should be used to protect this file.

keychain:name — Use the security(1) utility to retrieve the password from the macOS keychain.

lpass:name — Use the LastPass command-line client lpass(1) to retrieve the named password. You should previously have run lpass login for this to work.

op:name — Use the 1Password command-line client op(1) to retrieve the named password.

pass:password — The actual password is password. Since the password is visible to utilities such as ps(1) and possibly leaked into the shell history file, this form should only be used where security is not important.

tty — This is the default: Getpass will prompt the user on the controlling tty using the provided prompt. If no prompt is provided, then Getpass will use “Password: “.

Examples

package main

import (
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"

	"github.com/jschauma/getpass"
)

func main() {

	var pass string
	flag.StringVar(&pass, "p", "tty", "password method")
	flag.Parse()

	// Try out any of the options:
	p, err := getpass.Getpass(pass)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal("Unable to get password from user: ", err)
	} else {
		fmt.Printf("%s\n", p)
	}

	// Alternatively:

	// This will prompt the user to enter a password interactively,
	// using the default prompt.
	p, err = getpass.Getpass()
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal("Unable to get password from user: ", err)
	} else {
		fmt.Printf("%s\n", p)
	}

	// Using a custom prompt:
	p, err = getpass.Getpass("tty:Please enter your secret passphrase: ")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal("Unable to get password from user: ", err)
	} else {
		fmt.Printf("%s\n", p)
	}

	// Using an environment variable:
	p, err = getpass.Getpass("env:MYSECRET")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal("Unable to get password from user: ", err)
	} else {
		fmt.Printf("%s\n", p)
	}

	// Using a file:
	p, err = getpass.Getpass("file:~/.secret")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal("Unable to get password from user: ", err)
	} else {
		fmt.Printf("%s\n", p)
	}

	// etc. etc.
}

  • https://www.netmeister.org/blog/consistent-tools.html
  • GitHub

    View Github