Microservices

A basic example of a microservice architecture.

  • Written in Go
  • Uses RabbitMQ to communicate between services
  • Uses WebSocket to talk to the front end
  • Stores data in PostgreSQL
  • Stores cache in Redis
  • Uses React for front end development
  • Builds with Docker
  • Deployed on AWS with CI/CD

Local use

To run the example locally, clone the Github repository and start the services using Docker Compose. Once Docker finishes downloading and building the images, the front end is accessible by visiting localhost:8080.

git clone https://github.com/ebosas/microservices
cd microservices
docker-compose up

Deploy to Amazon ECS/AWS Fargate

From the deployments directory, create the pipeline stack. It will provision all the resources (network, cluster, etc.) and create a pipeline for each service. At this point, we have yet to build our service images.

aws cloudformation deploy \
    --stack-name Microservices \
    --template-file pipeline.yml \
    --parameter-overrides \
        EnvironmentName=msprod \
        LaunchType=Fargate \
        GitHubRepo=<github_repo_name> \
        GitHubBranch=<github_branch> \
        GitHubToken=<github_token> \
        GitHubUser=<github_user> \
    --capabilities CAPABILITY_NAMED_IAM

To build and deploy all services, push some changes to your repository with [BuildAll] added to the message. To trigger specific services, add [BuildServer], [BuildCache], or [BuildDatabase].

Once finished, visit the URL of the load balancer. It is available in the LoadBalancer's Outputs tab in CloudFormation.

Github repo setup

Fork or otherwise copy this repo to your Github account.

On the Github access token page, generate a new token with the following access:

  • repo
  • admin:repo_hook

Deleting stacks

Delete stacks in reverse order in CloudFormation. The artifact bucket and ECR repositories need to be deleted manually. So as the auto scaling group (from the EC2 console) when using the EC2 launch type.

Local resources

When running locally, inspect resources by launching relevant Docker containers.

See details

Database

To access the database, launch a new container that will connect to our Postgres database. Then enter the password demopsw (see the .env file).

docker run -it --rm \
    --network microservices_network \
    postgres:13-alpine \
    psql -h postgres -U postgres -d microservices

Select everything from the messages table:

select * from messages;

Redis

To inspect Redis, connect to its container via redis-cli.

docker run -it --rm \
    --network microservices_network \
    redis:6-alpine \
    redis-cli -h redis

Get all cached messages or show the number of total messages.

lrange messages 0 -1
get total

RabbitMQ

Access the RabbitMQ management interface by visiting localhost:15672 with guest as both username and password.

Back end

To access the back end service, attach to its docker container from a separate terminal window. Messages from the front end will show up here. Also, standart input will be sent to the front end for two way communication.

docker attach microservices_backend

Local development

For development, run the RabbitMQ and Postgres containers with Docker Compose.

See details
docker-compose -f docker-compose-dev.yml up

Generate static web assets for the server service by going to web/react and web/bootstrap and running:

npm run build-server

React

For React development, run npm run serve in web/react and change the script tag in the server's template to the following:

<script src="http://127.0.0.1:8000/index.js"></script>

GitHub

https://github.com/ebosas/microservices