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Package xysched supports to schedule future tasks with a simple syntax.


There are two most important objects in this library:

  • Future defines tasks.
  • Scheduler manages to schedule Future instances.

Scheduler uses a channel to know when and which Future should be run. A Future could be sent to this channel via After method and its variants:

func (s *Scheduler) After(d *time.Duration) chan<-Future
func (s *Scheduler) Now() chan<-Future
func (s *Scheduler) At(t *time.Time) chan<-Future

When a Future is sent via After, it will be called by Scheduler after a duration d. This method is non-blocking.

There are some types of Future. For example, Task and Cron.

Task is a Future running only one time, wheares Cron could run periodically.

For development, Task should be the base struct of all Future structs. Task supports to add callback Futures, which is called after Task completed. It also helps to handle the returned or panicked value, which is equivalent to javascript Promise.

Cron also bases on Task, so Cron has all methods of Task.


  1. Print a message after one second.
xysched.After(time.Second) <- xysched.NewTask(fmt.Println, "this is a message")
  1. Increase x, then print a message.

var x int = 0

var future = xysched.NewTask(func() { x++ })
future.Callback(fmt.Println, "increase x")

xysched.Now() <- future
  1. Print a message every second.
xysched.Now() <- xysched.NewCron(fmt.Println, "welcome").Secondly()
  1. Increase x, then print a message. Loop over seven times. After all, print x.

var x int = 0
var future = xyshed.NewCron(func(){ x++ }).Secondly().Times(7)
future.Callback(fmt.Println, "increase x")
future.Finish(fmt.Printf, "the final value of x: %d\n", x)

xysched.Now() <- future
  1. It is also possible to use Then and Catch methods to handle the returned value of Future or recover if it panicked.

func foo(b bool) string {
    if b {
        panic("foo panicked")
    } else {
        return "foo bar"

var future = xysched.NewTask(foo, true)
future.Then(func(s string) { fmt.Println(s) })
future.Catch(func(e error) { fmt.Println(e) })

xysched.Now() <- future
  1. Create a new scheduler if it is necessary. Scheduler with non-empty name can be used in many places without a global variable.

// a.go
var scheduler = xysched.NewScheduler("foo")
defer sched.Stop()
scheduler.After(3 * time.Second) <- xysched.NewTask(fmt.Println, "x")

// b.go
var scheduler = xysched.NewScheduler("foo")

// A scheduler should be stopped if it won't be used anymore.
  1. Early stop a future.

var sched = xysched.NewScheduler("")
defer sched.Stop()

var captured string
var task = xysched.NewTask(func() { captured = "run" })
sched.After(time.Millisecond) <- task

time.Sleep(2 * time.Millisecond)


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